In Defense of Prejudice

And what’s this got to do with writing anyway?

One of my writing colleagues recently published an article about prejudice against beauty. What? Who doesn’t like beauty? We all enjoy seeing beautiful things, places, faces. But what we don’t usually consider is how that pretty face makes us feel. Envious? Intimidated? Intrigued? Superior? Before that gorgeous gal utters a single word, have we judged her based on appearance?

Drawing conclusions, positive or negative, and making assumptions about people according to how they look is human nature. If I see a good looking guy driving a fancy-schmancy car, I think he’s rich. But he could be the chauffeur, the son of a rich guy, the boy-toy of an heiress, a car thief . . . who knows? From a young age, we are taught not to judge a book by its cover (or a man by his car), but we can’t help

From Science Daily: “Contrary to what most people believe, the tendency to be prejudiced is a form of common sense, hard-wired into the human brain through evolution as an adaptive response to protect our prehistoric ancestors from danger.” Okay then, it’s all about survival. While we’ve come a   search-2    long way since the caveman days, we cannot ignore our instinct to be wary of those who might harm us, thwart our plans, or get in our way. Stereotypes help us make sense of the world, and we want to be able to look at people and think we know what they’re about.

So what do stereotypes have to do with writing? For starters, it’s one way writers create surprises, twists, and tension. We take preconceived notions and turn them on their heads. The drunk, depressed girl with no life becomes the one who solves the mystery (The Girl on the Train); the nerdy newspaper reporter turns out to be the super-hero (Superman); the ambulance chasing, low-life lawyer is at his core a noble advocate for the truth (The Night Of); the outcast, scrawny dog/wolf steps up to be the leader of the pack (Balto).

As writers, we often give a protagonist prejudices as a way of showing character arc and creating tension. The protagonist must evolve, have a change of heart, or experience a revelation in her quest for whatever it is she desires. And it’s the “will she or won’t she” question that keeps the reader in suspense.

So the next time you draw a conclusion based on nothing more than appearance, don’t feel bad. It’s your inner caveman at work. Just know, you might be wrong . . .  then again, you might be right.

Read Mark Fine’s insightful article here:

Would love to know what you think, so make your comments below. And please view my personal website: 


5 thoughts on “In Defense of Prejudice

  1. Thank you, Julie. The link does not work today, but I navigated there. Your piece and Mark’s give me pause for thought. One solution is not to sink into mental swamp, but to cultivate awareness of the mind’s process and hold to it as long as possible.

    Liked by 2 people

  2. Judging by exterior appearance is a worst-case or precautionary principle human tendency, which, like many of them, fails us miserably on certain instructive occasions. In literature, we’re told to avoid cliches, but they are, as you state, a fine way to pull the rug out from under the reader’s expectations, trap her with her own prejudices. But those who think they’re avoiding trite situations sometimes fail to see that they’ve merely substituted another set of PC cliches for older ones.

    Regarding beauty, there is still much belief (in many quarters) in the ‘dumb blonde’ stereotype. Bob Jones, head of the USC Testing Bureau many years ago, informed us that the stereotype is demonstrably false: the better looking the woman, the more likely she is above average in intelligence. “Intelligence correlates positively with everything except number of hours studied per semester.”


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